NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 will be the next-generation gaming flagship, offering the latest graphics architecture based on Ada Lovelace GPUs. The graphics card will be replacing the RTX 3080, a very popular gaming graphics card on its own.

NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 Graphics Card - Purely Designed For Enthusiast Gamers

[Updated- 23/06/22]

While there's no denying the enthusiasm around the higher-end GeForce RTX 4090 series graphics cards that offer the best of the best gaming performance, the RTX 4080 series graphics cards are the tier that most high-end gamers will be getting considering it doesn't break your wallet and still offers a huge amount of gaming performance. It's simple, the RTX 4090 series will be aimed at users who want the best of the best without worrying about the amount of money they are spending while the RTX 4080 series is aimed at users who want the best gaming performance at the best possible price.

The previous GeForce RTX 3080 was touted to offer a huge improvement over the RTX 2080 and while that claim fell a little short, it looks like the RTX 4080 has the potential to exceed far beyond its predecessor due to several reasons which will be apparent in this roundup detailing its specs & performance figures.

We should expect similar things with the next-generation gaming powerhouse too but an important factor to consider is that GPUs are becoming more power-hungry and more pricey. It is a trend that might continue into the future as we get better products but in return, there's always a cost to pay for end consumers. So starting with what we know so far, first we should take a look at the brand new Ada Lovelace or AD10* class GPUs that will be powering the next-gen GeForce RTX 40 series cards.

NVIDIA's AD103 'Ada Lovelace' GPU - The Next-Gen Powerhouse

Starting with the GPU configuration, the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 series graphics cards are said to utilize the AD103 GPU core. Think of AD103 as an optimized version of AD102 that sits between the AD102 and AD104 GPUs. The GPU is said to measure around 400mm2-450mm2 and will utilize the TSMC 4N process node which is an optimized version of TSMC's 5nm (N5) node designed for the green team.

The NVIDIA Ada Lovelace AD103 GPU is expected to feature up to 7 GPC (Graphics Processing Clusters). This is the same GPC count as the Ampere GA102 GPU and one additional GPC over the GA103 GPU. Each GPU will consist of 6 TPCs and 2 SMs which is the same configuration as the existing chip. Each SM (Streaming Multiprocessor) will house four sub-cores which is also the same as the GA102 GPU. What's changed is the FP32 & the INT32 core configuration. Each sub-core will include 128 FP32 units but combined FP32+INT32 units will go up to 192. This is because the FP32 units don't share the same sub-core as the IN32 units. The 128 FP32 cores are separate from the 64 INT32 cores.

So in total, each sub-core will consist of 32 FP32 plus 16 INT32 units for a total of 48 units. Each SM will have a total of 128 FP32 units plus 64 INT32 units for a total of 192 units. And since there are a total of 84 SM units (12 per GPC), we are looking at 10,752 FP32 Units and 5,376 INT32 units for a total of 18,432 cores. Each SM will also include two Wrap Schedules (32 thread/CLK) for 64 wraps per SM. This is a 50% increase on the cores (FP32+INT32) and a 33% increase in Wraps/Threads vs the GA102 GPU.

NVIDIA AD103 'Ada Lovelace' Gaming GPU 'SM' Block Diagram (Image Credits: Kopite7kimi):

NVIDIA Ada Lovelace 'AD103' GPU Specs 'Preliminary':

GPU NameAD103GA102GA103TU102
GPC7 (Per GPU)Same1.16x1.16x
TPC6 (Per GPC)Same1.20xSame
SM2 (Per TPC)SameSameSame
Sub-Core4 (Per SM)SameSameSame
FP32128 (Per SM)SameSame2x
FP32+INT32192 (Per SM)1.5x1.5x1.5x
Warps64 (Per SM)1.33x1.33x2x
Threads2048 (Per SM)1.33x1.33x2x
L1 Cache192 KB (Per SM)1.5x1.5x2x
L2 Cache64 MB (Per GPU)10.6x16x10.6x
ROPs32 (Per GPC)2x2x2x

Moving over to the cache, this is another segment where NVIDIA has given a big boost over the existing Ampere GPUs. The Ada Lovelace GPUs will pack 192 KB of L1 cache per SM, an increase of 50% over Ampere. That's a total of 2.5 MB of L1 cache on the top AD103 GPU. The L2 cache will be increased to 64 MB as mentioned in the leaks. This is a 10.6x increase over the Ampere GA102 GPU that hosts just 6 MB of L2 cache. The cache will be shared across the GPU.

Finally, we have the ROPs which are also increased to 32 per GPC, an increase of 2x over Ampere. You are looking at up to 224 ROPs on the next-gen flagship versus just 112 on the fastest Ampere GPU, the RTX 3090 Ti. There are also going to be the latest 4th Generation Tensor and 3rd Generation RT (Raytracing) cores infused on the Ada Lovelace GPUs which will help boost DLSS & Raytracing performance to the next level. Overall, the Ada Lovelace AD103 GPU will offer:

  • Same Amount of GPCs as GA102
  • Same Amount of Cores as GA102
  • 50% More L1 Cache (Versus Ampere)
  • 16x More L2 Cache (Versus Ampere)
  • Double The ROPs (Versus Ampere)
  • 4th Gen Tensor & 3rd Gen RT Cores

NVIDIA AD103 'Ada Lovelace' Gaming GPU Block Diagram Mock-Up (Image Credits: SemiAnalysis):

Do note that clock speeds, which are said to be between the 2-3 GHz range, aren't taken into the equation so they will also play a major role in improving the per-core performance versus Ampere.

NVIDIA GeForce RTX 40 Series Graphics Card Lineup (Rumored):

Graphics CardGPUPCB VariantSM Units / CoresMemory / BusMemory Clock / BandwidthTGPPower ConnectorsLaunch
NVIDIA Titan A?AD102-400?TBD144 / 18432?48 GB / 384-bit24 Gbps / 1.15 TB/s~900W2x 16-pinTBD
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 TiAD102-350?TBD144 / 18432?24 GB / 384-bit24 Gbps / 1.15 TB/s~600W1x 16-pinTBD
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 AD102-300?PG137/139 SKU330 128 / 16384?24 GB / 384-bit21 Gbps / 1.00 TB/s~450W1x 16-pinQ4 2022
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080AD103-300?PG13*/139 SKU36080 / 10240?16 GB / 256-bit18 Gbps / 576 GB/s~420W1x 16-pinQ4 2022
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4070AD104-275?PG141-310 SKU341
56 / 7168?10 GB / 160-bit18 Gbps / 360 GB/s~300W1x 16-pinQ4 2022
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060AD106-***?TBD>36 / 4608?8 GB / 128-bitTBD~200W1 x 16-pinQ1 2023

NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 Graphics Cards Specifications

As we saw with the GA102 GPU, NVIDIA can have various configurations of the AD103 GPU for its GeForce RTX 3080 series lineup. We realistically expect there to be two variants, the RTX 4080 and the RTX 4080 Ti. The former will be part of the initial lineup while the latter would launch as a mid-cycle refresh.  The most entry-level GeForce RTX 30 had 23% fewer cores compared to the full chip but this time, the '80-class' graphics cards are going to be powered by their own chip rather than relying on the AD102 GPU that the flagships use. As such, we can expect anywhere from 8704 to 10752 cores.

NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 'Expected' Specifications

The NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 is going to be a cut-down configuration with either than same cores as the existing GA102 part but tuned with much higher frequency and a total of 10,240 cores which means 80 of the total 84 SMs will be enabled. The GPU will come packed with 64 MB of L2 cache and up to 224 ROPs which is simply insane.

The clock speeds are not confirmed yet but considering that the TSMC 4N process is being used, we are expecting clocks between the 2.0-3.0 GHz range. The higher than usual clock speed bump comes from the fact that NVIDIA is making a two-node jump considering the Ampere GPUs with Samsung 8nm node was in reality a 10nm process node with some optimizations. NVIDIA is skipping 7nm and going straight for a 5nm node and not even the vanilla variant but an optimized version of it. With Pascal on the TSMC 16nm node, NVIDIA delivered a huge frequency leap and we can expect a similar jump this time around too.

As for memory specs, the GeForce RTX 4080 is expected to rock 16 GB GDDR6X capacities that are said to be adjusted at 18 Gbps speeds across a 256-bit bus interface. This will provide up to 576 GB/s of bandwidth. It is kind of weird that the RTX 4080 will feature lower bandwidth than its RTX 30 series predecessor but it may be possible that we see a GDDR6X variant as a refresh. For power, the TBP is said to be rated at around 420W which is close to the RTX 4090 and since the memory clocks aren't that aggressive, it is likely that the core clocks could be tuned for maximum graphics performance.

ampere-3090_3qtr_front_right-very_compressed-scale-2_00x-custom
ampere-3090_3qtr_front_thermal_right-very_compressed-scale-2_00x-custom
ampere-3090_thermal-back-very_compressed-scale-2_00x-custom

We have also seen an alleged NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 Ti heatsink and cooler shroud which hints at the use of a beefier cold plate that provides coverage for both the GPU and memory dies along with an overall larger structure. The leaked cooler is a Founders Edition design and judging by how big it looks, the AIB models will end up being vastly bigger and we may even end up with quad-slot designs from all partners. We can expect the RTX 4080 cooler to be modified with similar changes.

As for its feature set, the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 graphics cards will rock all the modern NV feature sets such as the latest 4th Gen Tensor Cores, 3rd gen RT cores, the latest NVENC Encoder, and NVCDEC Decoder, and support for the latest APIs. They will pack all the modern RTX features such as DLSS, Reflex, Broadcast, Resizable-BAR, Freestyle, Ansel, Highlights, Shadowplay, and G-SYNC support too.

NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 Series Preliminary Specs:

Graphics Card NameNVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 TiNVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 TiNVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
GPU NameAda Lovelace AD103-350?Ada Lovelace AD103-300?Ampere GA102-225Ampere GA102-200
Process NodeTSMC 4NTSMC 4NSamsung 8nmSamsung 8nm
Die Size~450mm2~450mm2628.4mm2628.4mm2
TransistorsTBDTBD28 Billion28 Billion
CUDA Cores10752?9216?102408704
TMUs / ROPsTBD / 224?TBD / 214?320 / 112272 / 96
Tensor / RT CoresTBD / TBDTBD / TBD320 / 80272 / 68
Base ClockTBDTBD1365 MHz1440 MHz
Boost Clock~2600 MHz~2500 MHz1665 MHz1710 MHz
FP32 Compute~55TFLOPs~50 TFLOPs34 TFLOPs30 TFLOPs
RT TFLOPsTBDTBD67 TFLOPs58 TFLOPs
Tensor-TOPsTBDTBD273 TOPs238 TOPs
Memory Capacity16 GB GDDR6X16 GB GDDR6X12 GB GDDR6X10 GB GDDR6X
Memory Bus256-bit256-bit384-bit320-bit
Memory Speed24.0 Gbps?21.0 Gbps?19 Gbps19 Gbps
Bandwidth768 GB/s672 2GB/s912 Gbps760 Gbps
TGP400W350W350W320W
Price (MSRP / FE)$1199 US?$699 US?$1199$699 US
Launch (Availability)2022?July 2022?3rd June 202117th September 2020

NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 Graphics Cards Performance

As for the performance of the gaming GPUs, we can only use theoretical numbers here since the launch is a bit far away but based on what we know, the RTX 40 series cards might be the first gaming cards to hit the 100 TFLOPs compute horsepower limit.

Just for comparison's sake:

  • NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 Ti: ~103 TFLOPs (FP32) (Assuming 2.8 GHz clock)
  • NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090: ~90 TFLOPs (FP32) (Assuming 2.8 GHz clock)
  • NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080: ~50 TFLOPs (FP32) (Assuming 2.5 GHz clock)
  • NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti: 40 TFLOPs (FP32) (1.86 GHz Boost clock)
  • NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090: 36 TFLOPs (FP32) (1.69 GHz Boost clock)
  • NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080: 30 TFLOPs (FP32) (1.71 GHz Boost clock)

Based on a theoretical clock speed of 2.5 GHz, you get up to 53 TFLOPs of compute performance and the rumors are suggesting even higher boost clocks. Now, these are definitely sounding like peak clocks, similar to AMD's peak frequencies which are higher than the average 'Game' clock. A 50+ TFLOPs compute performance means more performance on an '80-class' GPU than a '90-class flagship' which will be a good bump. But one should keep in mind that compute performance doesn't necessarily indicate the overall gaming performance but despite that, it will be a huge upgrade for gaming PCs and an 8.5x increase over the current fastest console, the Xbox Series X.

FP32 Compute Horsepower Comparisons (Higher is Better)
Compute Power
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
RTX 4090 Ti (Theoretical)
RTX 4090 (Theoretical)
RTX 4080 (Theoretical)
RTX 3090 Ti
RTX 3080
RX 6900 XTX
Xbox Series X
PlayStation 5

This will be a 70% compute performance uplift for the GeForce RTX 4080 graphics card versus its predecessor and this is without even factoring in the RT and Tensor core performance which are expected to get major lifts too in their respective department. Now FLOPs aren't necessarily reflective of the graphics or gaming performance but they do provide a metric that can be used for comparison. A 2x gain over the RTX 3090 & RTX 3090 Ti would be very disruptive and it makes sense why NVIDIA is going so hard with higher power limits on their cards.

Gamers should expect 4K gaming to be buttery smooth on these graphics cards and with DLSS, we might even see playable 60 FPS at 8K resolution which is something that NVIDIA has been trying to achieve with its RTX 3090 series BFGPUs for a while now.

NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 Graphics Cards Price & Availability

The NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 was launched at $699 US but its refreshes have really messed up the prices. The RTX 3080 12 GB launched without an MSRP but NVIDIA had internally planned at an $899 US price point for this variant while the RTX 3080 Ti had an MSRP of $1199 US. The pricing is simply all over the place and we would never want to see consumers pay anything about $600 or $700 US for a standard 80-class graphics card. The Ti makes sense but even a $1200 US pricing is absurd but it's what the market has become accustomed to since the RTX 2080 Ti. I wish we can go back to the days of the GTX 1080 Ti at $699 US but I don't see it happening. As such, the RTX 4080 can set us around $650-$700 US while its Ti variant can end up close to the $1000-$1100 US mark.

The difference between the RTX 4080 Ti and RTX 4080 will be way bigger this time around too. It looks like NVIDIA didn't get as much of a positive response from the RTX 3080 Ti as it hoped so and instead of removing the card entirely from its GPU segment, they could have decided to cut down the specs of the non-Ti variant more. Since the spec downgrade will lead to a bigger difference in performance between the RTX 4080 & RTX 4080 Ti than the RTX 3080 & RTX 3080 Ti, it might just be worth getting the higher-end variant for a 15-20% performance gain instead of the single-digit gain you are getting right now.

The NVIDIA GeForce RTX 40 series graphics cards are rumored for a mid-July launch and while we have seen cooler shrouds of the RTX 4090 Ti leak out earlier, NVIDIA could still release the non-Ti variant first with the RTX 4090 Ti variant hitting the market much later. But this wouldn't be the first time that NVIDIA releases a high-end SKU during the very start of its next generation. The RTX 2080 Ti flagship was launched with the rest of the lineup even though its predecessor, the GTX 1080 Ti appeared months after the launch of the initial lineup. The RTX 3090 launched with the initial line of RTX 30 series cards but the 3090 Ti came more than a year late. This time, NVIDIA could launch the entire family from the start and go for a mid-cycle refresh later on but that remains to be seen.

NVIDIA GeForce GPU Segment/Tier Prices

Graphics Segment2014-20162016-20172017-20182018-20192019-20202020-20212021-2022
Titan TierTitan X (Maxwell)Titan X (Pascal)Titan Xp (Pascal)Titan V (Volta)Titan RTX (Turing)GeForce RTX 3090GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
GeForce RTX 3090
Price$999 US$1199 US$1199 US$2999 US$2499 US$1499 US$1999 US
$1499 US
Ultra Enthusiast TierGeForce GTX 980 TiGeForce GTX 980 TiGeForce GTX 1080 TiGeForce RTX 2080 TiGeForce RTX 2080 TiGeForce RTX 3080 TiGeForce RTX 3080 Ti
Price$649 US$649 US$699 US$999 US$999 US$1199 US$1199 US
Enthusiast TierGeForce GTX 980GeForce GTX 1080GeForce GTX 1080GeForce RTX 2080GeForce RTX 2080 SUPERGeForce RTX 3080 10 GBGeForce RTX 3080 12 GB
Price$549 US$549 US$549 US$699 US$699 US$699 US$999 US
High-End TierGeForce GTX 970GeForce GTX 1070GeForce GTX 1070GeForce RTX 2070GeForce RTX 2070 SUPERGeForce RTX 3070 Ti
GeForce RTX 3070
GeForce RTX 3070 Ti 16 GB
Price$329 US$379 US$379 US$499 US$499 US$599
$499
TBA
Mainstream TierGeForce GTX 960GeForce GTX 1060GeForce GTX 1060GeForce GTX 1060GeForce RTX 2060 SUPER
GeForce RTX 2060
GeForce GTX 1660 Ti
GeForce GTX 1660 SUPER
GeForce GTX 1660
GeForce RTX 3060 Ti
GeForce RTX 3060 12 GB
GeForce RTX 3060 Ti
GeForce RTX 3060 12 GB
Price$199 US$249 US$249 US$249 US$399 US
$349 US
$279 US
$229 US
$219 US
$399 US
$329 US
$399 US
$329 US
Entry TierGTX 750 Ti
GTX 750
GTX 950GTX 1050 Ti
GTX 1050
GTX 1050 Ti
GTX 1050
GTX 1650 SUPER
GTX 1650
GTX 1650 SUPER
GTX 1650
RTX 3050
Price$149 US
$119 US
$149 US$139 US
$109 US
$139 US
$109 US
$159 US
$149 US
$159 US
$149 US
$249 US

As of now, the rumors point out the Mid-July launch so we have to wait two more months to see how well that goes!

Which NVIDIA GeForce RTX 40 series graphics card are you looking forward to the most?
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