NVIDIA GeForce RTX 40602023
Expected Price$300-$400 US
Expected Release Date2023
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060 will be the next-generation high-end gaming graphics card, offering the latest graphics architecture based on Ada Lovelace GPUs. The graphics card will be replacing the RTX 3060, a very popular gaming graphics card in the $300-$400 US segment.
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060 Graphics Card - Purely Designed For Enthusiast Gamers
While there's no denying the enthusiasm around the higher-end GeForce RTX 4090, GeForce RTX 4080 & GeForce RTX 4070 series graphics cards that offer the best of the best gaming performance, the RTX 4060 series graphics cards will be designed around the $300-$400 US segment which is a mainstream price range that still offers lots of performance at hand. It's simple, the RTX 4090 series will be aimed at users who want the best of the best without worrying about the amount of money they are spending while the RTX 4080 series is aimed at users who want the best performance at the best possible price. The RTX 4070 will be the sweet spot for high-end gaming, while the RTX 4060 is designed for the gaming masses at a price that will be hard to ignore given its performance.
The previous GeForce RTX 3060 was touted to offer a huge improvement over the RTX 2080 SUPER. The card did end up meeting its promised performance target but was at most a 25-30% boost when compared to the RTX 2060 SUPER. This was mainly due to the fact that the RTX 2060 SUPER was already an upgraded version of the RTX 2060. But ever since the RTX 20 series, the RTX 30 got its own Ti and Non-Ti flavors.
The RTX 3060 Ti was around 30% faster than the RTX 3060. The RTX 3060 Ti was also 30% faster than the RTX 2060 SUPER and 40-45% faster than the standard RTX 2060. The RTX 3060 Non-Ti on the other hand was around 10% faster than the RTX 2060 SUPER and 20% faster than the RTX 2060 Non-SUPER graphics card. So based on the performance, the RTX 3060 Ti was indeed faster but also more expensive but still ended up delivering better value versus its predecessor.
For example, the RTX 3060 Ti and RTX 2060 SUPER both had an MSRP of $399 US but the 3060 Ti offered 30% faster performance. Meanwhile, the RTX 3060 Non-Ti was $20 US cheaper than the RTX 2060 Non-SUPER but offered a 20% performance boost. Since the RTX 3060 never launched with a Founders Edition variant, most of the models retailed at $15-$20 US more so at the end of the day, you were getting the same price as the RTX 2060 Non-SUPER with a 20% uplift.
The one thing NVIDIA did to persuade the gaming crowd to get its RTX 3060 graphics card equipped with 12 GB of memory versus the 8 GB on the RTX 3060 Ti. That didn't change the performance much since the card featured a lowly 192-bit bus versus the 256-bit bus of the Ti variant, ending up with lower bandwidth.
We should expect similar things with the next-generation gaming solution too but an important factor to consider is that GPUs are becoming more power-hungry and more pricey. It is a trend that might continue into the future as we get better products but in return, there's always a cost to pay for end consumers. So starting with what we know so far, first we should take a look at the brand new Ada Lovelace or AD10* class GPUs that will be powering the next-gen GeForce RTX 40 series cards.
NVIDIA's AD106 'Ada Lovelace' GPU - The Next-Gen Mainstream Chip
Starting with the GPU configuration, the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060 series graphics cards may utilize both AD104 and AD106 GPUs. The reason is the same as the situation with the current GeForce RTX 30 series where the RTX 3060 Ti is based on the GA104 GPU and the RTX 3060 is based on the GA106 GPU. We have already detailed the AD104 GPU here so let's take a look at the AD106 GPU & what it has to offer. The GPU is said to measure around 200mm2 and will utilize the TSMC 4N process node which is an optimized version of TSMC's 5nm (N5) node designed for the green team.
The NVIDIA Ada Lovelace AD106 GPU is expected to feature up to 3 GPC (Graphics Processing Clusters). This is the same GPC count as the GA106 GPU. Each GPU will consist of 6 TPCs and 2 SMs which is the same configuration as the existing chip. Each SM (Streaming Multiprocessor) will house four sub-cores which is also the same as the GA106 GPU. What's changed is the FP32 & the INT32 core configuration. Each sub-core will include 128 FP32 units but combined FP32+INT32 units will go up to 192. This is because the FP32 units don't share the same sub-core as the IN32 units. The 128 FP32 cores are separate from the 64 INT32 cores.
So in total, each sub-core will consist of 32 FP32 plus 16 INT32 units for a total of 48 units. Each SM will have a total of 128 FP32 units plus 64 INT32 units for a total of 192 units. And since there are a total of 36 SM units (12 per GPC), we are looking at 4,608 FP32 Units and 2,304 INT32 units for a total of 6,912 cores. Each SM will also include two Wrap Schedules (32 thread/CLK) for 64 wraps per SM. This is a 50% increase on the cores (FP32+INT32) and a 33% increase in Wraps/Threads vs the GA102 GPU.
NVIDIA AD103 'Ada Lovelace' Gaming GPU 'SM' Block Diagram (Image Credits: Kopite7kimi):
Moving over to the cache, this is another segment where NVIDIA has given a big boost over the existing Ampere GPUs. The Ada Lovelace GPUs will pack 192 KB of L1 cache per SM, an increase of 50% over Ampere. The L2 cache will be increased to 32 MB as mentioned in the leaks. This is a 10.6x increase over the Ampere GA106 GPU that hosts just 3 MB of L2 cache. The cache will be shared across the GPU.
Finally, we have the ROPs which will stick to 16 per GPC. You are looking at up to 48 ROPs, the same as the current GA106 GPUs. There are also going to be the latest 4th Generation Tensor and 3rd Generation RT (Raytracing) cores infused on the Ada Lovelace GPUs which will help boost DLSS & Raytracing performance to the next level. Overall, the Ada Lovelace AD106 GPU will offer:
- Same Number of GPCs as GA106 GPU
- +20% Cores vs GA106 GPU
- 50% More L1 Cache (Versus Ampere GA106)
- Over 10x L2 Cache (Versus Ampere GA106)
- Same Number of ROPs (Versus Ampere GA106)
- 4th Gen Tensor & 3rd Gen RT Cores
NVIDIA AD106 'Ada Lovelace' Gaming GPU Block Diagram Mock-Up (Image Credits: SemiAnalysis):
Do note that clock speeds, which are said to be between the 2-3 GHz range, aren't taken into the equation so they will also play a major role in improving the per-core performance versus Ampere.
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4070 Series Preliminary Specs:
|Graphics Card Name||NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4070 Ti||NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4070||NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3070 Ti||NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3070|
|GPU Name||AD104-400?||AD104-400?||Ampere GA104-400||Ampere GA104-300|
|Process Node||TSMC 4N||TSMC 4N||Samsung 8nm||Samsung 8nm|
|Transistors||TBD||TBD||17.4 Billion||17.4 Billion|
|PCB||NVIDIA PG141-SKU331||NVIDIA PG141-310 SKU341||NVIDIA PG141||NVIDIA PG142|
|TMUs / ROPs||TBD / 160||TBD / 160||192/ 96||184 / 96|
|Tensor / RT Cores||TBD / TBD||TBD / TBD||192/ 48||184 / 46|
|Base Clock||TBD||TBD||1575 MHz||1500 MHz|
|Boost Clock||~2.6 GHz||~2.5 GHz||1770 MHz||1730 MHz|
|FP32 Compute||~40 TFLOPs||~38 TFLOPs||22 TFLOPs||20 TFLOPs|
|RT TFLOPs||TBD||TBD||42 TFLOPs||40 TFLOPs|
|Tensor-TOPs||TBD||TBD||174 TOPs||163 TOPs|
|Memory Capacity||12 GB GDDR6X?||12 GB GDDR6X?||8 GB GDDR6X||8 GB GDDR6|
|Memory Speed||21 Gbps||21 Gbps||19 Gbps||14 Gbps|
|Bandwidth||504 GB/s||504 GB/s||608 Gbps||448 Gbps|
|Price (MSRP / FE)||$599 US?||$499 US?||$599 US||$499 US|
|Launch (Availability)||2022||2022||10th June 2021||29th October 2020|
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060 Graphics Cards Specifications
As we saw with the GeForce RTX 3060 series, NVIDIA can have two distinct configurations of the RTX 4060 series graphics cards. We realistically expect there to be two variants, the RTX 4060 and the RTX 4060 Ti. The existing generation saw the RTX 3060 Ti and RTX 3060 release a few months apart and this is known to be a volume segment so NVIDIA will take the advantage to position two solutions, one around $300-$350 and one around $400-$450 US at mainstream gamers right off the bat.
Currently, there's no telling if the AD104 GPU will be utilized within the GeForce RTX 4060 series and as such, we will focus on the standard RTX 4060 which will utilize the AD106 GPU.
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060 'Expected' Specifications
Based on NVIDIA's decision to do a mix of AD104/AD106 or go AD106 across its RTX 4060 series lineup we can either see a cut-down RTX 4060 or one with a full configuration whereas the Ti can use a cut-down AD104 configuration. The AD106 GPU will come packed with 32 MB of L2 cache and up to 48 ROPs.
The clock speeds are not confirmed yet but considering that the TSMC 4N process is being used, we are expecting clocks between the 2.0-3.0 GHz range. The higher than usual clock speed bump comes from the fact that NVIDIA is making a two-node jump considering the Ampere GPUs with Samsung 8nm node was in reality a 10nm process node with some optimizations. NVIDIA is skipping 7nm and going straight for a 5nm node and not even the vanilla variant but an optimized version of it. With Pascal on the TSMC 16nm node, NVIDIA delivered a huge frequency leap and we can expect a similar jump this time around too.
I don't care about the real release date. I'm just curious about the performance of RTX 4060, which consumes more power than RTX 3070.
— kopite7kimi (@kopite7kimi) June 5, 2022
As for memory specs, the GeForce RTX 4060 is expected to rock 8 GB GDDR6X capacities that might come at faster 20+ Gbps speeds across a 128-bit bus interface for over 320 GB/s of bandwidth. The 'Ti' variant, if it ends up with an AD104 GPU, could offer up to 12 GB of memory across a 192-bit bus interface. The GeForce RTX 4060 graphics card is also said to rock a TGP of 220W which is an increase of 30% over the RTX 3060 and a 10% increase over the RTX 3060 Ti. This is a massive TGP increase and the performance needs to be really good for NVIDIA to keep its efficiency numbers up.
As for its feature set, the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060 graphics cards will rock all the modern NV feature sets such as the latest 4th Gen Tensor Cores, 3rd gen RT cores, and the latest NVENC Encoder, and NVCDEC Decoder, and support for the latest APIs. They will pack all the modern RTX features such as DLSS, Reflex, Broadcast, Resizable-BAR, Freestyle, Ansel, Highlights, Shadowplay, and G-SYNC support too.
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060 Series Preliminary Specs:
|Graphics Card Name||NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060 Ti||NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060||NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060 Ti||NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060|
|GPU Name||Ada Lovelace AD104?||Ada Lovelace AD106||Ampere GA104-200||Ampere GA106-300|
|Process Node||TSCM 4N||TSCM 4N||Samsung 8nm||Samsung 8nm|
|TMUs / ROPs||TBD / 64||TBD / 48||152 / 80||112 / 64|
|Tensor / RT Cores||TBD||TBD||152 / 38||112 / 28|
|Base Clock||TBD||TBD||1410 MHz||1320 MHz|
|Boost Clock||2.2-2.6 GHz||2.2-2.6 GHz||1665 MHz||1780 MHz|
|FP32 Compute||~24 TFLOPs||~21 TFLOPs||16 TFLOPs||13 TFLOPs|
|RT TFLOPs||TBD||TBD||32 TFLOPs||25 TFLOPs|
|Tensor-TOPs||TBD||TBD||192 TOPs||101 TOPs|
|Memory Capacity||12 GB GDDR6?||8 GB GDDR6?||8 GB GDDR6||12 GB GDDR6|
|Memory Speed||TBD||TBD||14 Gbps||16 Gbps|
|Bandwidth||>448 GB/s||>320 GB/s||448 Gbps||384 Gbps|
|Price (MSRP / FE)||~$399 US||~$329 US||$399 US||$329 US|
|Launch (Availability)||1H 2023||1H 2023||2nd December 2020||25th February 2021|
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060 Graphics Cards Performance
As for the performance of the gaming GPUs, we can only use theoretical numbers here since the launch is a bit far away but based on what we know, the RTX 40 series cards might be the first gaming cards to hit the 100 TFLOPs compute horsepower limit.
Just for comparison's sake:
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 Ti: ~103 TFLOPs (FP32) (Assuming 2.8 GHz clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090: ~90 TFLOPs (FP32) (Assuming 2.8 GHz clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080: ~50 TFLOPs (FP32) (Assuming 2.5 GHz clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti: 40 TFLOPs (FP32) (1.86 GHz Boost clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4070 Ti: ~38 TFLOPs (FP32) (Assuming 2.5 GHz clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4070: ~36 TFLOPs (FP32) (Assuming 2.5 GHz clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090: 36 TFLOPs (FP32) (1.69 GHz Boost clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080: 30 TFLOPs (FP32) (1.71 GHz Boost clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3070 Ti: 22 TFLOPs (FP32) (1.77 GHz Boost clock)
- NVIDIA GForce RTX 4060: 20 TFLOPs (FP32) (Assiming 2.2 GHz clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3070: 20 TFLOPs (FP32) (1.72 GHz Boost clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060 Ti: 16 TFLOPs (FP32) (1.65 GHz Boost clock)
- NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060: 13 TFLOPs (FP32) (1.77 GHz Boost clock)
Based on a theoretical clock speed of 2.2 GHz, you get up to 20 TFLOPs of compute performance and the rumors are suggesting even higher boost clocks. Now, these are definitely sounding like peak clocks, similar to AMD's peak frequencies which are higher than the average 'Game' clock. A 20+ TFLOPs compute performance means more performance on a '60-class' GPU than a '70-class flagship' which will be a good bump. But one should keep in mind that compute performance doesn't necessarily indicate the overall gaming performance.
This will be around a 54% compute performance uplift for the GeForce RTX 4060 graphics card versus its predecessor and this is without even factoring in the RT and Tensor core performance which is expected to get major lifts too in their respective department. Now FLOPs aren't necessarily reflective of the graphics or gaming performance but they do provide a metric that can be used for comparison.
Gamers should expect great 1080p and even 1440p gaming to be buttery smooth on these graphics cards and with DLSS. The '60' series has always been targeted at premium 1080p & mainstream 1440p gaming but expect these cards to be really popular amongst eSports with technologies such as Reflex, DLSS, and various streaming capabilities at a mainstream price point.
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4060 Graphics Cards Price & Availability
The NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060 was launched at $329 US while the RTX 3060 Ti was launched at 399 US. We can expect NVIDIA to retain the same prices for these cards with a $10-$20 US pricing adjustment here and there.
NVIDIA really needs to secure more gamers in the $300-$400 US segment but they have to deliver a product that's worth the price. The RTX 3060 Ti was a decent product while the RTX 3060 proved very competitive against the AMD Radeon RX 6600 series. Now it will be up to NVIDIA to decide if they want to retain the position of the mainstream-king or go a route that will not be in the interest of gamers and themselves, alike.
The NVIDIA GeForce RTX 40 series graphics cards are rumored for a Q3 reveal and a launch is expected in Q4 2022 so we will know for sure what NVIDIA is up to in the next few months.
NVIDIA GeForce GPU Segment/Tier Prices
|Titan Tier||Titan X (Maxwell)||Titan X (Pascal)||Titan Xp (Pascal)||Titan V (Volta)||Titan RTX (Turing)||GeForce RTX 3090||GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
GeForce RTX 3090
|Price||$999 US||$1199 US||$1199 US||$2999 US||$2499 US||$1499 US||$1999 US
|Ultra Enthusiast Tier||GeForce GTX 980 Ti||GeForce GTX 980 Ti||GeForce GTX 1080 Ti||GeForce RTX 2080 Ti||GeForce RTX 2080 Ti||GeForce RTX 3080 Ti||GeForce RTX 3080 Ti|
|Price||$649 US||$649 US||$699 US||$999 US||$999 US||$1199 US||$1199 US|
|Enthusiast Tier||GeForce GTX 980||GeForce GTX 1080||GeForce GTX 1080||GeForce RTX 2080||GeForce RTX 2080 SUPER||GeForce RTX 3080 10 GB||GeForce RTX 3080 12 GB|
|Price||$549 US||$549 US||$549 US||$699 US||$699 US||$699 US||$999 US|
|High-End Tier||GeForce GTX 970||GeForce GTX 1070||GeForce GTX 1070||GeForce RTX 2070||GeForce RTX 2070 SUPER||GeForce RTX 3070 Ti|
GeForce RTX 3070
|GeForce RTX 3070 Ti 16 GB|
|Price||$329 US||$379 US||$379 US||$499 US||$499 US||$599|
|Mainstream Tier||GeForce GTX 960||GeForce GTX 1060||GeForce GTX 1060||GeForce GTX 1060||GeForce RTX 2060 SUPER|
GeForce RTX 2060
GeForce GTX 1660 Ti
GeForce GTX 1660 SUPER
GeForce GTX 1660
|GeForce RTX 3060 Ti|
GeForce RTX 3060 12 GB
|GeForce RTX 3060 Ti
GeForce RTX 3060 12 GB
|Price||$199 US||$249 US||$249 US||$249 US||$399 US|
|Entry Tier||GTX 750 Ti|
|GTX 950||GTX 1050 Ti|
|GTX 1050 Ti|
|GTX 1650 SUPER|
|GTX 1650 SUPER|
|$149 US||$139 US|