AMD RDNA 3 Navi 31 Flagship GPU Allegedly Rocks Six MCDs With Up To 384 MB Infinity Cache With 3D V-Cache Packaging

AMD RDNA 3 'Navi 31' MCM GPUs Allegedly Rock Up To 384 MB of Infinity Cache In 3D V-Cache Flavors

Brand new information regarding AMD's RDNA 3 flagship GPU, the Navi 31, has been revealed by @Kepler_L2 according to which the chip can rock up to 384 MB of Infinity Cache in standard & 3D packaging.

AMD RDNA 3 'Navi 31' MCM GPUs Allegedly Rock Up To 384 MB of Infinity Cache In 3D V-Cache Flavors

The information is specifically for the AMD RDNA 3 flagship, the Navi 31 chip. So far, we don't have any information regarding the top chip which is only known as Navi 3x so Navi 31 should retain the flagship position when it launches this year and might get replaced by a faster variant next year.

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With that said, the AMD Navi 31 GPU is confirmed to rock an advanced chiplet packaging design with next-generation Infinity Cache. According to @Kepler_L2 who digs around various patches & logs within AMD's drivers, it looks like the Navi 31 GPU will be rocking up to 6 MCDs (Multi-Cache Dies).

Each MCD allegedly features up to 32 MB of standard cache and will also come in 3D V-Cache flavors. This rounds up to 192 MB of standard cache but the insider mentions that there will also be a few variants with 3D V-Cache and those will go up to 384 MB Infinity Cache. The Infinity Cache also comes in 32 MB size, half of what is featured on the Zen 3 3D V-Cache parts (64 MB) but since there are 6 MCDs to work around, the chip can theoretically offer an additional 384 MB of Infinity Cache through 3D packaging. So that's 192 MB of standard and 192 MB of 3D V-Cache for a total of 384 MB Infinity Cache.

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That's a 3x increase over the AMD RDNA 2 flagship, the Navi 21, which only features 128 MB of total Infinity Cache. The Infinity Cache architecture helped AMD pump more bandwidth to the GPU, which allows it to remove memory bottlenecks and offer a fast cache close to the GPU rather than going through the VRAM.

AMD Radeon RX 7900 XT Graphics Card Specifications

The AMD Navi 31 GPU, the flagship RDNA 3 chip, would power the next-gen enthusiast cards such as the Radeon RX 7900 XT graphics card. We have heard that AMD will drop CU (Compute Units) in favor of WGP (Work Group Processors) on its next-gen RDNA 3 GPUs. Each WGP will house dual CU (Compute Units) but with twice the SIMD32 clusters as opposed to just 2 on each CU within RDNA 2. Rumors are that AMD has the option to select between Samsung and TSMC for the 6nm die.

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According to the latest information, the AMD Navi 31 GPU with RDNA 3 architecture is expected to offer a single GCD with 48 WGPs, 12 SAs, and 6 SEs. This will give out a total of 12,288 stream processors which is lower than the previous count. This will also drop the overall compute performance unless AMD goes crazy with over 3.0 GHz clock frequencies on its flagship part. The Navi 31 GPU will also carry 6 MCD's which will feature 32 MB Infinity Cache per die and are also likely to carry the 64-bit (32-bit x 2) memory controllers that will provide the chip with a 384-bit bus interface.

As for clock speeds, the AMD Navi 31 GPU is said to offer clock speeds that can hit or even exceed 3 GHz. NVIDIA's flagship GPUs are also said to offer close to 2.8 GHz clock speeds but AMD has had a clear advantage in clock speeds over NVIDIA during the past generation so it's expected to continue. A 3 GHz clock speed means that we can expect over 75 TFLOPs of FP32 performance on the newest flagship which will be a 2.3x increase over the current RDNA 2 flagship, the RX 6950 XT.

AMD RDNA 3 Navi 3x GPU illustration show possible chip configurations. (Image Credits: Olrak_29)

Now, this is going to result in higher power draw and AMD seems to have confirmed this much that their next-generation graphics card lineup will feature higher power consumption but they will still be a more efficient option than what NVIDIA has to offer. The AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT already has a TBP of 335W so for a >2x performance gain, we can expect a final TBP for the Radeon RX 7900 XT to end up close to 400-450W. The cards are expected to launch later this year as confirmed by AMD themselves.

AMD RDNA GPU (Generational Comparison) Preliminary:

GPU NameNavi 10Navi 21Navi 31
GPU Process7nm7nm5nm (6nm?)
GPU PackageMonolithicMonolithicMCD (Multi-Chiplet Die)
Shader Engines246
GPU WGPs204048
SPs Per WGP128128256
Compute Units (Per Die)4080192
Cores (Per Die)2560512012288
Cores (Total)2560512015360 (2 x MCD)
Peak Clock1905 MHz2250 MHz~3000 MHz
FP32 Compute9.723~75
Memory Bus256-bit256-bit384-bit
Memory TypeGDDR6GDDR6GDDR6
Memory Capacity8 GB16 GB24 GB
Infinity CacheN/A128 MB384 MB
Flagship SKURadeon RX 5700 XTRadeon RX 6900 XTXRadeon RX 7900 XT
TBP225W330W500W
LaunchQ3 2019Q4 2020Q4 2022

News Sources: FreeDesktop #1 , FreeDesktop #2, ,

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