AMD Officially Launches Ryzen 3000 CPUs With Up To 12 Cores & Radeon RX 5700 Series Graphics Cards – PCIe Gen 4 Ready X570 Motherboards Also Available Today
Today is the big launch day that we have all been waiting for. AMD is officially launching their new Ryzen 3000 CPUs, Radeon RX 5700 GPUs, and the X570 platform. Featuring leading technologies such as PCIe Gen 4, up to 12 cores (16 cores in September), 7nm process node and more, AMD has offered gamers many good reasons to upgrade.
AMD Ryzen 3000 '7nm Zen 2' Up To 12 Core CPUs, Radeon RX 5700 Series Graphics Cards & X570 Platform Officially Launched
AMD has three new lines of products for consumers available today. The most important lineup is the Ryzen 3000 CPUs which are based on the latest Zen 2 core architecture. There are six SKUs in the lineup which include the Ryzen 5 3600, Ryzen 5 3600X, Ryzen 7 3700, Ryzen 7 3700X, Ryzen 7 3800X and the Ryzen 9 3900X. These range from 6 cores and up to 12 cores. There's also the Ryzen 9 3950X which will be the first 16 core processor on the mainstream platform. Specifications of the parts are listed below.
Links to purchase AMD Ryzen 3000 CPUs (Amazon / Newegg):
Ryzen 9 3950X 16 Core / 32 Thread Flagship For $749 US
In terms of specifications, the AMD Ryzen 9 3950X would feature the 7nm Zen 2 core architecture. There would be three Chiplets on the Ryzen 9 interposer which include two Zen 2 dies and a single I/O die which is based on a 14nm process node. The AMD Ryzen 9 3950X would be fully enabled, offering 16 cores and 32 threads. The core configuration has never been available on mainstream platforms such as AM4, even the 12 core, 24 thread Ryzen 9 3900X configuration hasn’t been seen on mainstream platforms and AMD is the first to bring such high core counts that used to be HEDT exclusive, down to mainstream users.
In terms of clock speeds, the AMD Ryzen 9 3950X runs at a base frequency of 3.5 GHz and boosts to a blistering fast 4.7 GHz which is the highest for AMD’s Ryzen 3000 series processor. The chip will feature 72 MB of total cache and just like the other Ryzen 9 parts, feature a TDP of 105W. The TDP is based on the base frequency numbers so it would actually be higher when the chip boosts or is manually overclocked by users. When it comes to overclocking, we also know that like all other Ryzen CPUs, the Ryzen 9 3950X would feature a soldered design which should help deliver better thermals than TIM.
Ryzen 9 3900X 12 Core / 24 Thread CPU For $499 US
The AMD Ryzen 9 3900X is a 12 core and 24 thread part featuring the 7nm Zen 2 core architecture. The chip features a base clock of 3.8 GHz and a boost clock of 4.6 GHz. There’s 70 MB of L3 cache, 40 PCIe Gen 4 lanes (CPU + PCH) and a TDP of 105W (derived from the base frequency). The CPU is going to hit retail for $499 US. In terms of pricing, the chip is positioned against the Intel Core i9-9900K and offers more cores, threads, cache, PCIe lanes and support for next-gen I/O such as PCIe Gen 4.0.
Ryzen 7 3800X 8 Core / 16 Thread CPU For $399 US
The AMD Ryzen 7 3800X is an 8 core and 16 thread part featuring the 7nm Zen 2 core architecture. The chip features a base clock of 3.9 GHz and a boost clock of 4.5 GHz. There’s 36 MB of L3 cache, 40 PCIe Gen 4 lanes (CPU + PCH) and a TDP of 105W (derived from the base frequency). The CPU is going to hit retail for $399 US. In terms of pricing, the chip is positioned against the Intel Core i7-9700K and offers more cores, threads, cache, PCIe lanes and support for next-gen I/O such as PCIe Gen 4.0.
Ryzen 7 3700X 8 Core / 16 Thread CPU For $329 US
The AMD Ryzen 7 3700X is also an 8 core and 16 thread part which features the 7nm Zen 2 core architecture. The chip features a base clock of 3.6 GHz and a boost clock of 4.4 GHz. There’s 36 MB of L3 cache, 40 PCIe Gen 4 lanes (CPU + PCH) and a TDP of 65W (derived from the base frequency). The CPU is going to hit retail for $329 US. In terms of pricing, the chip is better positioned against the Core i7-9700K than the Ryzen 7 3800X because it's not only more efficient in terms of TDP but also has a lower price point.
Ryzen 5 3600X 6 Core / 12 Thread CPU For $249 US
The AMD Ryzen 5 3600X is a 6 core and 12 thread part featuring the 7nm Zen 2 core architecture. The chip features a base clock of 3.8 GHz and a boost clock of 4.4 GHz. There’s 35 MB of L3 cache, 40 PCIe Gen 4 lanes (CPU + PCH) and a TDP of 95 W (derived from the base frequency). The CPU is going to hit retail for $249 US. In terms of pricing, the chip is positioned against the Intel Core i5-9600K and offers more cores, threads, cache, PCIe lanes and support for next-gen I/O such as PCIe Gen 4.0.
Ryzen 5 3600 6 Core / 12 Thread CPU For $199 US
The AMD Ryzen 5 3600X is an entry-level 6 core and 12 thread part featuring the 7nm Zen 2 core architecture. The chip features a base clock of 3.6 GHz and a boost clock of 4.2 GHz. There’s 35 MB of L3 cache, 40 PCIe Gen 4 lanes (CPU + PCH) and a TDP of 65 W (derived from the base frequency). The CPU is going to hit retail for $199 US. Based on the pricing, the Ryzen 5 3600 is going to be an extremely popular 6 core chip for gamers who are planning to build budget gaming PCs with a focus on price/performance.
AMD Ryzen 3000 Series CPU Lineup
|CPU Name||Ryzen 5 3500||Ryzen 5 3500X||Ryzen 5 3600||Ryzen 5 3600X||Ryzen 7 3700X||Ryzen 7 3800X||Ryzen 9 3900X||Ryzen 9 3950X|
|Base Clock||3.6 GHz||3.6 GHz||3.6 GHz||3.8 GHz||3.6 GHz||3.9 GHz||3.8 GHz||3.5 GHz|
|Boost Clock||4.1 GHz||4.1 GHz||4.2 GHz||4.4 GHz||4.4 GHz||4.5 GHz||4.6 GHz||4.7 GHz|
|Cache (L2+L3)||16 MB||32 MB||35 MB||35 MB||36 MB||36 MB||70 MB||72 MB|
|PCIe Lanes (Gen 4 CPU+PCH)||40||40||40||40||40||40||40||40|
|Price||$129 US?||$149 US?||$199 US||$249 US||$329 US||$399 US||$499 US||$749 US|
AMD Zen 2 Core Architecture Achieves 15% IPC Uplift
The AMD Ryzen 3000 lineup is based on the new Zen 2 core architecture which is made possible with TSMC’s bleeding edge 7nm process node. AMD has reaffirmed that their Zen 2 based Ryzen 3000 series processors for the AM4 desktop platform will be available in July 2019.
AMD has made significant changes to their CPU architecture which help deliver twice the throughput of their first generation Zen architecture. The major points include an entirely redesigned execution pipeline, major floating point advances which doubled the floating point registers to 256-bit and double bandwidth for load/store units. One of the key upgrades for Zen 2 is the doubling of the core density which means we are now looking at 2x the core count for each core complex (CCX).
- Improved Execution Pipeline
- Doubled Floating Point (256-bit) and Load/Store (Doubled Bandwidth)
- Doubled Core Density
- Half the Energy Per Operation
- Improved Branch Prediction
- Better Instruction Pre-Fetching
- Re-Optimized Instruction Cache
- Larger Op Cache
- Increased Dispatch / Retire Bandwidth
- Maintaining High Throughput for All Modes
Zen 2 also includes stronger hardware level enhancements when it comes to security. This further solidifies AMD CPUs against enhanced Spectre variants and these mitigations will be adopted fully by Zen 2. When it comes to Zen, AMD already had strong software level support when it came to security and they have further enhanced it through low-level software mitigations.
AMD CPU Roadmap (2017-2022)
|Architecture||Zen (1)||Zen (1) / Zen+||Zen (2) / Zen+||Zen (3) / Zen 2||Zen (3) / Zen 3 (+)||Zen (4) / Zen 3 (+)||Zen (4)|
|Process Node||14nm||14nm / 12nm||7nm||7nm||7nm||5nm / 6nm||5nm|
|Server||EPYC 'Naples'||EPYC 'Naples'||EPYC 'Rome'||EPYC 'Rome'||EPYC 'Milan'||EPYC 'Genoa'||TBD|
|Max Server Cores / Threads||32/64||32/64||64/128||64/128||64/128||TBD||TBD|
|High End Desktop||Ryzen Threadripper 1000 Series (White Haven)||Ryzen Threadripper 2000 Series (Coflax)||Ryzen Threadripper 3000 Series (Castle Peak)||Ryzen Threadripper 3000 Series (Castle Peak)||Ryzen Threadripper 5000 Series (Chagall)||Ryzen Threadripper 6000 Series||Ryzen Threadripper 7000 Series|
|Ryzen Family||Ryzen 1000 Series||Ryzen 2000 Series||Ryzen 3000 Series||Ryzen 4000/5000 Series||Ryzen 5000 Series||Ryzen 6000 Series||Ryzen 7000 Series|
|Max HEDT Cores / Threads||16/32||32/64||64/128||64/128||64/128||TBD||TBD|
|Mainstream Desktop||Ryzen 1000 Series (Summit Ridge)||Ryzen 2000 Series (Pinnacle Ridge)||Ryzen 3000 Series (Matisse)||Ryzen 5000 Series (Vermeer)||Ryzen 5000/6000 Series (Warhol)||Ryzen 6000/7000 Series (Raphael)||TBD|
|Max Mainstream Cores / Threads||8/16||8/16||16/32||16/32||16/32||16/32||TBD|
|Budget APU||N/A||Ryzen 2000 Series (Raven Ridge)||Ryzen 3000 Series (Picasso Zen+)||Ryzen 4000 Series (Renoir Zen 2)||Ryzen 5000 Series (Cezanne Zen 3)||Ryzen 6000 Series (Rembrandt Zen 3+)||Ryzen 7000 Series (Phoenix Zen 4)|
AMD's Next-Gen X570 Chipset – First Mainstream Platform To Support PCIe Gen 4, Feature Rich and Ready For Ryzen 3000 CPUs
As we saw with X470, there were a few features of the Ryzen 2000 series processors which were only supported by new motherboards such as Precision Boost Overdrive and XFR 2.0. There’s no doubt that AMD’s Zen 2 based Ryzen mainstream processor family has some amazing new features, but the main highlight would be support for PCIe Gen4. The X570 platform will be an all PCIe Gen4 solution, which means this would most probably be the first consumer platform to feature support for the new PCIe standard.
In terms of IO details, the CPU will once again be offering a total of 24 PCIe Gen 4 lanes while the PCH will be providing a total of 16 PCIe Gen 4 lanes. There will be one direct link heading out to the first PCI Express x16 and PCI Express x4 slot from the CPU, while the rest of the IO will be handled by the X570 PCH which will be linked to the CPU through an x4 link.
That, however, doesn’t mean that AMD Ryzen 3000 series would only be compatible on X570 boards since just like last time, the new CPUs will be backward compatible with X470 & X370 boards too. Following are links to the respective motherboard manufacturers BIOS release for existing motherboards to support 3rd Gen AMD Ryzen CPUs:
- ASRock AM4 (3rd Gen Ryzen) BIOS Support Link
- Gigabyte AM4 (3rd Gen Ryzen) BIOS Support Link
- ASUS AM4 (3rd Gen Ryzen) BIOS Support Link
- MSI AM4 (3rd Gen Ryzen) BIOS Support Link
- BIOSTAR AM4 (3rd Gen Ryzen) BIOS Support Link
They certainly won’t display the same features that will be available on the newly launched X570 lineup but will feature fully stable functionality for users who just want to drop in a new CPU and continue using their PCs without the hassle of upgrading the motherboard and everything from scratch.
While we are on the topic of discussing Ryzen 3000 processors, Robert Hallock, AMD's Senior Techincal Marketing Manager, has posted an informative video on the latest updates added to PBO (Precision Boost Overdrive) on Ryzen 3000 processors. In the video, Robert explains that all AM4 motherboards (X570, X470, B450, X370, B350) meet the specifications for AMD Ryzen 3000 series processors but the X570 platform, in particular, will allow the CPU to communicate with the motherboard to determine how many VRMs are available and use them to further boost the frequencies over the suggested boost clocks.
This is a very welcome feature on some of the high-end motherboards that do come out with a lot of VRMs and power phases. The feature will allow the under-utilized power delivery of the X570 motherboard to be fully realized and be used to boost up the Ryzen 3000 chips in terms of clocks. Of course, there are several other factors to consider such as cooling and the TDP of the chip itself but overall, it's an interesting addition to the expanding feature set of Ryzen 3000 processors.
AMD Radeon RX 5700 Graphics Cards Compete With NVIDIA RTX SUPER - 7nm RDNA, Updated Prices
AMD is also launching their brand new Radeon RX 5700 graphics cards based on the RDNA uArch. The Radeon RX 5700 series would include three graphics cards, the Radeon RX 5700 XT, Radeon RX 5700, and the Radeon RX 5700 XT Anniversary Edition. The Navi based Radeon RX 5700 series is also the first graphics lineup to feature PCIe 4.0 support which offers twice the bandwidth when compared to PCIe 3.0.
AMD Radeon RX 5700 XT Official Specifications ($399 US)
Starting with the specifications, the Radeon RX 5700 XT comes with 40 compute units in total and since AMD has already confirmed that the Compute unit design still features 64 stream processors, we will be getting 2560 stream processors in total. The AMD Navi GPU featured on the Radeon RX 5700 series comes with 160 Texture Mapping Units and 64 Raster Operation units.
The chip itself is clocked at 1605 MHz base clock but includes two additional clock speeds, a boost clock, and a game clock. The boost clock is rated at 1905 MHz while the game clock is rated at 1755 MHz. What I can make of the differences from these two is that the boost is the maximum speed the reference card would be able to hit, but the average clock speeds while gaming is the ‘game clock’ itself.
With the said boost clock, AMD expects a maximum of 9.75 TFLOPs of single-precision Compute from the Radeon RX 5700 XT. The card also features 8 GB of GDDR6 memory which runs across a 256-bit wide bus interface. AMD will be using the latest 14 Gbps memory dies which put them on par with the Turing TU104 cards that offer bandwidth of up to 448 GB/s. The card also features two 8 pin connectors and has a total board power or TBP of 225W.
AMD Radeon RX 5700 Official Specifications ($349 US)
The second card is the Radeon RX 5700 based on the Navi Pro GPU. The reason we are not getting a Radeon RX 5700 Pro naming scheme is that it would be harder to differentiate that with AMD's own pro series cards which are aimed at content creators and workstation PCs.
This card has 2304 stream processors, 144 TMUs, 64 ROPs. The clocks are maintained at 1465 MHz base, 1725 MHz boost clock and 1625 MHz game clock. At peak boost clocks, the card will be able to deliver 7.95 TFLOPs of Compute performance. The card features an 8+6 pin connector config & has a rated TBP of 180W.
Now based on the TBP numbers, this card should be put against the RTX 2070 which is a 175W TBP graphics card. It will be interesting to compare both cards in terms of efficiency since the NVIDIA Turing cards are based on 12nm FinFET while AMD is using the latest 7nm process node.
AMD Radeon RX 5700 XT 50th Anniversary Edition Official Specifications ($449 US)
In addition to the AMD Radeon RX 5700 XT and Radeon RX 5700, AMD is also launching a 50th Anniversary Edition variant of their Radeon RX 5700 XT featuring a black and gold shroud with frequencies of 1680 MHz base clock, 1830 MHz game clock and boost clocks of up to 1980 MHz. This variant would deliver a total Compute power of 10.14 TFLOPs and should be around 5-10% faster than the Radeon RX 5700 XT. The card will be rated at a 235W TBP.
The reference variant of the Radeon RX 5700 XT cards would feature an all aluminum alloy shroud and backplate. Inside the card is an enhanced vapor chamber which is cooled off by a blower fan. The base of the vapor chamber makes use of graphite thermal interface material which is similar to the pads used on the Radeon VII graphics card. The PCB of the card offers a 7 phase digital VRM which AMD says is designed for overclocking.
AMD Radeon RX 5000 '7nm Navi RDNA' GPU Lineup Specs:
|Graphics Card||Radeon RX 5700 XT 50th Anniversary||Radeon RX 5700 XT||Radeon RX 5700||Radeon RX 5600 XT||Radeon RX 5500 XT||Radeon RX 5300|
|GPU Architecture||7nm Navi (RDNA 1st Gen)||7nm Navi (RDNA 1st Gen)||7nm Navi (RDNA 1st Gen)||7nm Navi (RDNA 1st Gen)||7nm Navi (RDNA 1st Gen)||7nm Navi (RDNA 1st Gen)|
|Stream Processors||2560 SPs||2560 SPs||2304 SPs||2304 SPs||1408 SPs||1408 SPs|
|TMUs / ROPs||160 / 64||160 / 64||144 / 64||144 / 64||88 / 32||88 / 32|
|Base Clock||1680 MHz||1605 MHz||1465 MHz||1130 MHz||1670 MHz||TBD|
|Boost Clock||1980 MHz||1905 MHz||1725 MHz||1560 MHz||1845 MHz||1645 MHz|
|Game Clock||1830 MHz||1755 MHz||1625 MHz||1375 MHz||1717 MHz||1448 MHz|
|Compute Power||10.14 TFLOPs||9.75 TFLOPs||7.95 TFLOPs||7.19 TFLOPs||5.19 TFLOPs||4.63 TFLOPs|
|VRAM||8 GB GDDR6||8 GB GDDR6||8 GB GDDR6||6 GB GDDR6||8 GB GDDR6|
4 GB GDDR6
|3 GB GDDR6|
|Bandwidth||448 GB/s||448 GB/s||448 GB/s||288 GB/s||224 GB/s||168 GB/s|
|Price||$449 US||$399 US||$349 US||$279 US||$169 US (4 GB)|
$199 US (8 GB)
|Launch||7th July 2019||7th July 2019||7th July 2019||21st January, 2020||7th October 2019||28th August, 2020|
Radeon RX 5700 "7nm Navi RDNA GPU" Feature Set and A Word on HW-Enabled Ray Tracing
While we would share a few tidbits of the RDNA architecture itself below, there are also some highlights we should mention for the Navi GPU. According to AMD themselves, the Navi 10 GPU will be 14% faster at the same power and should consume 23% lower power at the same clock speeds as Vega 64 GPU. The AMD Navi GPU has a die size of 251mm2 and delivers 2.3x perf per area over Vega 64.
Also, when it comes to ray tracing, AMD is indeed developing their own suite around it. According to their vision, current GCN and RDNA architecture will be able to perform ray tracing on shaders which will be used through ProRender for creators and Radeon Rays for developers. In next-gen RDNA which is supposed to launch in 2020 on 7nm+ node, AMD will be bringing hardware-enabled ray tracing with select lighting effects for real-time gaming. AMD will also enable full-scene ray tracing which would be leveraged through cloud computing.
Radeon Multimedia Engine – Seamless Streaming
- Improved Encoding (New HDR/WCG Encode HEVC)
- 8K Encode (HEVC & VP)
- 40% encoder speedups
- 40 RDNA Compute Units
- 80 Scalar Processors
- 2560 Stream Processors
- 160 64b bilinear filter units
- Multilevel Cache
- 4MB L2, 512Kb L1
- 2x V$L0 Load Bandwidth
- DCC Everywhere
- Streamlined Graphics Engine
- Geometry Engine (4 Prisms Shader Out, 8 Prim Shader In)
- 64 Pixel Units
- 4 Asynchronous Compute Enginers
- Balanced Work Distribution & Redistribution
- Designed for higher frequencies at lower power
New Compute Unit Design
Great Compute Efficiency For Diverse Workloads
- 2x Instruction Rate (enabled by 2x Scalar Units and 2x Schedulers)
- Single Cycle Issue (enabled by Executing Wwave32 on SIMD32)
- Dual Mode Execution (Wave 32 and Wave 64 Modes Adapt for Workloads)
- Resource Pooling (2 CUs Coordinate as a Work Group Processor)
Let us know in the comments below what you think of the new 7nm CPU and GPU launches today from AMD.
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