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Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon ES CPU Benchmarked Against AMD’s EPYC 7773X Milan-X Chips In Cache & Memory Tests

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Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP is expected to launch later this year but we have seen several Xeon CPUs leak in various benchmarks. The latest benchmarks compare the cache and memory performance of the Xeon chips against AMD's Milan-X parts.

Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon vs AMD EPYC 7773X Milan-X Server CPUs: Benchmarks Leak In Cache & Memory Tests

Update: The leaker has posted a new V-Ray and Cinebench benchmarks too comparing the three server chips against each other.

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The latest benchmarks of the Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon & AMD EPYC Milan-X CPUs have been leaked by YuuKi_AnS. The leaker was the first to get his hands on engineering samples of the Xeon Sapphire Rapids-SP lineup and the latest chip he got is a 48 core part with 96 threads, a 270W TDP, and clock speeds of 2.30 GHz base and 3.30 GHz boost. The CPU rocks 90 MB of L3 cache while the single-core boost frequency is rated at 3.60 GHz. The CPU is an ES chip with QSPEC of 'QYFQ' and is a D0 revision.

This variant sits right below the flagship part which has a 1.6 GHz base clock and boosts a clock of 3.6 GHz across a single core. The flagship Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon CPU will feature 56 cores, 112 threads, a 105 MB L3 cache, and a 350W TDP. The CPU was tested in a dual-socket config with 96 cores and 192 threads which were compared to Intel's Xeon Platinum 8380 (Ice Lake-SP) and the AMD EPYC 7773X Milan-X CPUs, both of which were also running a dual-socket configuration.

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AMD EPYC 7773X Milan-X CPUs rock 64 cores and 128 thread and were configured with DDR4-2866 memory. The memory type for the Ice Lake-SP and Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon CPUs isn't mentioned but the former should feature DDR4-3200 support while the latter comes with DDR5-4800 support.

As for the benchmarks, the chips were tested in the AIDA64 Cache & Memory benchmark. With an 8-channel interface, the Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon CPUs show vastly superior memory & also latency performance over both AMD's EPYC Milan-X and Intel's Ice Lake-SP chips . The CPU cache latency is also looking great but Milan-X does manage to take the crown in the L3 cache tests. The EPYC Milan-X CPUs do get a slight hit to the overall latency but the overall performance is better as mentioned here.

Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon vs AMD EPYC 7773X Milan-X CPU Benchmarks (Image Credits: YuuKi_AnS):

Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon vs AMD EPYC 7773X Milan-X Cinebench Benchmarks (Image Credits: YuuKi_AnS):

The Cinebench R15 benchmarks show that the Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon CPU is up to 9% faster and while it does have 22.5% extra cores, these cores are clocked at a much lower clock speed of 1.50 GHz versus the 2.30 GHz of the Ice Lake-SP parts. The ES chip is not that far behind the AMD EPYC 7773X Milan-X chips and the final version could definitely end up faster. In single-core tests, the Sapphire Rapids-SP chip outperforms the Milan-X CPU by 26% despite the clock advantage going to AMD.

While Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon CPU looks quite good in these benchmarks, especially in ES state, we have to remember that the lineup will be competing against AMD's EPYC Genoa by the time it launches and not EPYC Milan-X so team red would still have a major advantage over team blue.

Intel Xeon SP Families (Preliminary):

Family BrandingSkylake-SPCascade Lake-SP/APCooper Lake-SPIce Lake-SPSapphire RapidsEmerald RapidsGranite RapidsDiamond Rapids
Process Node14nm+14nm++14nm++10nm+Intel 7Intel 7Intel 3Intel 3?
Platform NameIntel PurleyIntel PurleyIntel Cedar IslandIntel WhitleyIntel Eagle StreamIntel Eagle StreamIntel Mountain Stream
Intel Birch Stream
Intel Mountain Stream
Intel Birch Stream
Core ArchitectureSkylakeCascade LakeCascade LakeSunny CoveGolden CoveRaptor CoveRedwood Cove?Lion Cove?
IPC Improvement (Vs Prev Gen)10%0%0%20%19%8%?35%?39%?
MCP (Multi-Chip Package) SKUsNoYesNoNoYesYesTBD (Possibly Yes)TBD (Possibly Yes)
SocketLGA 3647LGA 3647LGA 4189LGA 4189LGA 4677LGA 4677TBDTBD
Max Core CountUp To 28Up To 28Up To 28Up To 40Up To 56Up To 64?Up To 120?Up To 144?
Max Thread CountUp To 56Up To 56Up To 56Up To 80Up To 112Up To 128?Up To 240?Up To 288?
Max L3 Cache38.5 MB L338.5 MB L338.5 MB L360 MB L3105 MB L3120 MB L3?240 MB L3?288 MB L3?
Vector EnginesAVX-512/FMA2AVX-512/FMA2AVX-512/FMA2AVX-512/FMA2AVX-512/FMA2AVX-512/FMA2AVX-1024/FMA3?AVX-1024/FMA3?
Memory SupportDDR4-2666 6-ChannelDDR4-2933 6-ChannelUp To 6-Channel DDR4-3200Up To 8-Channel DDR4-3200Up To 8-Channel DDR5-4800Up To 8-Channel DDR5-5600?Up To 12-Channel DDR5-6400?Up To 12-Channel DDR6-7200?
PCIe Gen SupportPCIe 3.0 (48 Lanes)PCIe 3.0 (48 Lanes)PCIe 3.0 (48 Lanes)PCIe 4.0 (64 Lanes)PCIe 5.0 (80 lanes)PCIe 5.0 (80 Lanes)PCIe 6.0 (128 Lanes)?PCIe 6.0 (128 Lanes)?
TDP Range (PL1)140W-205W165W-205W150W-250W105-270WUp To 350WUp To 375W?Up To 400W?Up To 425W?
3D Xpoint Optane DIMMN/AApache PassBarlow PassBarlow PassCrow PassCrow Pass?Donahue Pass?Donahue Pass?
CompetitionAMD EPYC Naples 14nmAMD EPYC Rome 7nmAMD EPYC Rome 7nmAMD EPYC Milan 7nm+AMD EPYC Genoa ~5nmAMD Next-Gen EPYC (Post Genoa)AMD Next-Gen EPYC (Post Genoa)AMD Next-Gen EPYC (Post Genoa)
Launch201720182020202120222023?2024?2025?
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