Next-Gen NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 With Top AD102 GPU Could Be The First Gaming Graphics Card To Break Past 100 TFLOPs

Next-Gen NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 With Top AD102 GPU Could Be The First Gaming Graphics Card To Break Past 100 TFLOPs

Recent rumors regarding the next-generation NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 series suggest that the AD102-powered graphics card might be the first gaming product to break past the 100 TFLOPs barrier.

NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 Class Graphics Cards Might Become The First Gaming 'AD102' GPU To Break Past the 100 TFLOPs Barrier

Currently, the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti offers the highest compute performance amongst all gaming graphics cards, hitting anywhere between 40 to 45 TFLOPs of FP32 (Single-Precision) GPU compute. But with the next-generation GPUs arriving later this year, things are going to take a big boost.

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As per rumors from Kopite7kimi and Greymon55, the next-generation graphics cards, not only from NVIDIA but AMD too, are expected to reach the 100 TFLOPs mark. This would mark a huge milestone in the consumer graphics market which has definitely seen a major performance and also a power jump with the current generation of cards. We went straight from 275W being the limit to 350-400W becoming the norm and the likes of the RTX 3090 Ti are already sipping in over 500W of power. The next generation is going to be even more power-hungry but if the compute numbers are anything to go by, then we already know one reason why they are going to sip that much power.

As per the report, NVIDIA's Ada Lovelace GPUs, especially the AD102 chip, has seen some major breakthrough on TSMC's 4N process node. Compared to the previous 2.2-2.4 GHz clock speed rumors, the current estimates are that AMD and NVIDIA will have boost speeds similar to each other and that's around 2.8-3.0 GHz. For NVIDIA specifically, the company is going to fuse a total of 18,432 cores coupled with 96 MB of L2 cache and a 384-bit bus interface. These will be stacked in a 12 GPC die layout with 6 TPCs and 2 SMs per TPC for a total of 144 SMs.

Based on a theoretical clock speed of 2.8 GHz, you get up to 103 TFLOPs of compute performance and the rumors are suggesting even higher boost clocks. Now, these are definitely sounding like peak clocks, similar to AMD's peak frequencies which are higher than the average 'Game' clock. A 100+ TFLOPs compute performance means more than double the horsepower versus the 3090 Ti flagship. But one should keep in mind that compute performance doesn't necessarily indicate the overall gaming performance but despite that, it will be a huge upgrade for gaming PCs and an 8.5x increase over the current fastest console, the Xbox Series X.

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FP32 Compute Horsepower Comparisons (Higher is Better)
Compute Power
RTX 4090 Ti (Theoretical)
RX 7900 XT (Theoretical)
RTX 3090 Ti
RX 6900 XTX
Xbox Series X
PlayStation 5

So at the end of the day, we are bound to see PC hardware, especially graphics cards, get more powerful but it will be great to see all that power put to good use to run the next generation of games, especially 8K titles with ray-tracing and future graphical effects.

Upcoming Flagship AMD, Intel, NVIDIA GPU Specs (Preliminary)

GPU NameAD102Navi 31Xe2-HPG
CodenameAda LovelaceRDNA 3Battlemage
Flagship SKUGeForce RTX 4090 SeriesRadeon RX 7900 SeriesArc B900 Series
GPU ProcessTSMC 4NTSMC 5nm+ TSMC 6nmTSCM 5nm?
GPU PackageMonolithicMCD (Multi-Chiplet Die)MCM (Multi-Chiplet Module)
GPU DiesMono x 12 x GCD + 4 x MCD + 1 x IODQuad-Tile (tGPU)
GPU Mega Clusters12 GPCs (Graphics Processing Clusters)6 Shader Engines10 Render Slices
GPU Super Clusters72 TPC (Texture Processing Clusters)30 WGPs (Per MCD)
60 WGPs (In Total)
40 Xe-Cores (Per Tile)
160 Xe-Cores (Total)
GPU Clusters144 Stream Multiprocessors (SM)120 Compute Units (CU)
240 Compute Units (in total)
1280 Xe VE (Per Tile)
5120 Xe VE (In Total)
Cores (Per Die)18432 CUDA Cores7680 SPs (Per GCD)
15360 SPs (In Total)
20480 ALUs (In Total)
Peak Clock~2.85 GHz~3.0 GHzTBD
FP32 Compute~105 TFLOPs~92 TFLOPsTBD
Memory Capacity24 GB32 GBTBD
Memory Bus384-bit256-bitTBD
Memory Speeds~21 Gbps~18 GbpsTBD
Cache Subsystems96 MB L2 Cache512 MB (Infinity Cache)TBD
LaunchQ4 2022Q4 20222023

Products mentioned in this post

GeForce RTX 3090
USD 1,081
RTX 3090
USD 1,240
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